informationsvisualisierung Übungsteil WS 06/07 Leitung:
Wolfgang Aigner
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Aufgabe 3: Techniken

Aus der vorliegenden Liste soll eine ausgewählt werden. Die angegebenen Referenzen bzw. Dokumente enthalten genauere Beschreibungen der jeweiligen Technik.

1 Spiral Graph
[Weber et al., 2001] Weber, M., Alexa, M., and Muller, W.: Visualizing Time-Series on Spirals. In Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization 2001 (InfoVis01), pages 7–14, 2001. (PDF)
Spiral Graph
2 SpiraClock
[Dragicevic and Huot, 2002] Dragicevic, P. and Huot, S.: SpiraClock: A Continuous and Non-Intrusive Display for Upcoming Events. In CHI ’02 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pages 604–605. ACM Press, 2002. (PDF)
3 Perspective Wall
[Mackinlay et al., 1991] Mackinlay, J. D., Robertson, G. G., and Card, S. K.: The Perspective Wall: Detail and Context Smoothly Integrated. In Proceedings of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI91), Information Visualization, pages 173–179, 1991. (PDF)
Perspective Wall
4 Tile Maps
[Mintz et al., 1997] Mintz, D., Fitz-Simons, T., and Wayland, M.: Tracking Air Quality Trends with SAS/GRAPH. In Proceedings of the 22nd Annual SAS User Group International Conference (SUGI97), pages 807–812, 1997. (PDF)
Tile Maps
5 Agenda
[Daassi et al., 2000] Daassi, C., Dumas, M., Fauvet, M., Nigay, L., and Scholl, P.: Visual Exploration of Temporal Ob ject Databases. In Proceedings of 16 iemes Journees Bases de Donnees Avancees (BDA, French Conference on Databases), pages 159–178, 2000. (PDF)
6 ThemeRiver
[Havre et al., 2002] Havre, S., Hetzler, E., Whitney, P., and Nowell, L.: ThemeRiver: Visualizing Thematic Changes in Large Document Collections. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 8(1):9–20, 2002. (PDF)
7 Arc Diagram
[Wattenberg, 2002] Wattenberg, M.: Arc Diagrams: Visualizing Structure in Strings. In Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization (InfoVis02), pages 110–116. IEEE, 2002. (PDF)
Arc Diagram
8 Graphical Summery of Patient Status
[Powsner and Tufte, 1994] Powsner, S. M. and Tufte, E. R.: Graphical Summary of Patient Status. The Lancet, 344:386–389, 1994. (Beschreibung)
Patient Status Patient Status
9 E.J. Marey's Train Schedule
[Tufte, 1983] Tufte, E. R.: The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Graphics Press, Cheshire, CT, 1983. (Beschreibung)
Train Schedule
10 SolarPlot
[Chuah, 1998] Chuah, M. C.: Dynamic Aggregation with Circular Visual Designs. In Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization (InfoVis98), pages 35–43. IEEE Computer Society, 1998. (PDF)
11 Attribute Explorer
[Smith, 2001] Smith, A.: Attribute Explorer - A dynamic query mechanism, IBM Ease of Use Team, Created at: Apr 1, 2001, Retrieved at: Nov 9, 2006. 2001.
Attribute Explorer
12 Concentric Circles Technique (CCT)
[Daassi et al., 2000] Daassi, C., Dumas, M., Fauvet, M., Nigay, L., and Scholl, P. (2000). Visual Exploration of Temporal Ob ject Databases. In Proceedings of 16 iemes Journees Bases de Donnees Avancees (BDA, French Conference on Databases), pages 159–178. (PDF)
Concentric Circles Technique
13 Conversation Landscape
[Donath et al., 1999] Donath, J., Karahalios, K., and Viegas, F.: Visualizing Conversation. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) - Volume 2, page 2023. IEEE Computer Society, 1999. (PDF)
Conversation Landscape Conversation Landscape
14 Spiral Display
[Carlis and Konstan, 1998] Carlis, J. V. and Konstan, J. A.: Interactive Visualization of Serial Periodic Data. In ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, pages 29–38, 1998. (PDF)
Spiral Display
15 LifeLines
[Plaisant et al., 1996] Plaisant, C., Milash, B., Rose, A., Widoff, S., and Shneiderman, B.: LifeLines: Visualizing Personal Histories. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pages 221–ff. ACM Press, 1996. (PDF)
16 Gantt Chart
Gantt Chart

Zus. Beschreibungen

Graphical Summery of Patient Status

In medicine, large amounts of information are generated and have to be processed mostly by humans. Graphical representations help to make this myriad of information graspable and are
a crucial part in the workflow of healthcare personnel. These representations range from Fever Curves of the nineteenth century and EEG Time-Series Plots of patient status by Edward R. Tufte and Seth M. Powsner [Powsner and Tufte, 1994] makes use of concepts like smal l multiples, focus+context, or the integration of textual and graphical information. It manages to display information on a single page that normally fills up entire file folders and would require serious effort to summarize it.

Patient Status Patient Status 

E.J. Marey's Train Schedule

A very remarkable representation of time-oriented information was created by Etienne-Jules Marey in the 1880s. It shows the train schedule for the track Paris to Lyon graphically. Basically, a 2D diagram is used placing the individual train stops according to their distance in a list on the vertical axis and time on the horizontal axis. Thus, horizontal lines are used to identify the individual stops and a vertical raster is used for timing information. The individual trains are represented by diagonal lines running from top left to bottom right (Paris - Lyon) and bottom left to top right (Lyon - Paris) respectively. The slope of the line gives information about the speed of the train – the steeper the line, the faster the respective train is travelling. Moreover, horizontal sections of the trains’ lines indicate if the train stops at the respective station at all and how long the train stops. On top of that, the density of the lines provides information about the frequency of trains over time. This leads to a clear and powerful representation showing complex information at a glance while allowing for in-depth analysis of the data. Similar representations have also been used for the Japanese Shinkansen train and in Java (Soeraba ja-Djokjakarta train line) where the track’s terrain profile is additionally shown.

Train Schedule

Gantt Chart

Especially the field of project management deals with planning activities, people, and resources. Lots of applications exist that support project management on computers. The best known technique for that matter are Gantt Charts. Mainly work tasks with their temporal parameters’ location and duration as well as milestones are depicted. The tasks are displayed as a list in the left part of the diagram and related tasks can be grouped to form a hierarchy. For displaying the extent of tasks in time, horizontal bars (Timelines) are used, that are drawn at the respective lines of the task list. This leads to an easily comprehensible representation of information in the past, present, and future. Hierarchically grouped tasks can be expanded and collapsed interactively to ensure the overview of larger plans.

Gantt Chart

 letzte Änderung: 9.11.2006, Wolfgang Aigner